Overview Of The Development Of Asian Garment Industry In 2017
Overview of the development of Asian garment industry in 2017
1. The production capacity of global textile clothing has been transferred several times and high value-added links have been retained
The world textile clothing production center after changes, China undertake main production capacity.
Textile and garment industry belongs to labor intensive industry and has certain capital and technology intensive factors.
As one of the industries with the highest degree of globalization, the global value chain of textile and clothing has been formed in the 1960s of the 20th century. With the comparative advantages of labor price, resource conditions and regional environment in various countries, the industrial center has been adjusted for many times.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the United States transferred its textile and apparel production base to Japan, Germany and other countries, and then gradually transferred from Japan and Germany to South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and other emerging countries and regions.
Since the 1990s, the world's major textile and clothing capacity to undertake China.
At present, the textile and garment industry in southeast Asia, South Asia and other regions is booming, with potential to grow into an important global production base.
Southeast Asian and south Asian countries have become global labor "value depression", human cost advantages.
In 2015, the average monthly wages of manufacturing workers in China, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Pakistan were $740, $522, $210, $138 and $131, respectively, according to the data.
In 2016, the average monthly salary for Thai manufacturing workers was $358.
While Chinese manufacturing wages is far lower than the developed countries such as Germany, Japan, Italy, but the human cost is far higher than that of southeast Asia, South Asia, respectively about Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Pakistan's 1.4 times, 2.1 times, 3.5 times, 5.4 times and 5.6 times, southeast Asia, South Asia countries has become a global labor value "lowland", the human cost competitive advantage is obvious.
Average monthly salary (usd) of manufacturing employees in some countries around the world in 2015/2016
Related report: research report on the development trend of operational situation of China's garment and textile industry 2017-2023 released by zhiyan consulting
After the transfer of production capacity in textile and garment industry, the original production base mainly retained high value-added links such as equipment research and development.
The capital and technology intensive part of textile and garment industry is mainly reflected in the research and development of mechanical equipment, technological level and management experience.
Textile and garment manufacturing industry profits are relatively thin, all round the world textile and apparel production center several times after the formation of value chain transfer, as main target is the lower cost, and in the mid-range capacity after the transfer, to stay in the original production base of the enterprise can produce main retained the higher value-added links, such as Japan and Germany kept relatively high added value high performance of new type textile fiber production and related equipment research and development and manufacturing, long-term since Japanese, German sewing machinery and related equipment research and development and manufacturing levels continued to be high in the world.